What are hemorrhoids ?

We have all heard of this word at one point in our lives. We wonder what are hemorrhoids?

What are Hemorrhoids and? How and why do they occur?
Hemorrhoids is a painful medical condition. Hemorrhoids occurs when veins around the anus get swollen and are enlarged with blood. Hemorrhoids can occur because of a number of reasons. Hemorrhoids can occur due to ageing, periods of diarrhea, obesity, constipation, anal intercourse or due to genetics. Hemorrhoids can occur internally. This type occurs inside the anus. They can also occur externally. This occurs outside the anus and on the skin.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Now we look at the symptoms of this grim medical condition. Symptoms of external hemorrhoids include bleeding noticed from the anus. This is usually painless bleeding and can be noticed on toilet paper or the toilet bowl. Other symptoms of hemorrhoids include itching or discomfort in the anal area. Hemorrhoids symptoms also include a lump felt in anus and feces leaking without your will for it to. External hemerhoid will present on the skin around the anus. External hemorrhoids can be very itchy and can also for clots. This is why external hemorrhoids is the more painful type of hemerrhoids. However there are not as many obvious symptoms of internal symptoms. The patient does not know of them and so it does not cause as much discomfort. Although there are some obvious symptoms of internal hemorroids. The patient may notice streaks of blood on their stool. This results from the hemorrhoid bleeding. This can result from straining while trying to pass stool. This applies pressure on the hemorrhoid and can cause it to potrude through the anus. This is known as a prolapsed hemorrhoid. Prolapsed hemorrhoids can be very painful and discomforting.

How will doctors diagnose hemorrhoids?
Doctors can perform many types of examinations to diagnose hemorrhoids. Doctors can perform a physical examination on a patient to diagnose hemorrhoids. A physical examination could involve a rectal scan. Sometimes doctors carry put a manual inspection on patients. Other methods of diagnosing hemorrhoids include colonoscopy or the usage of and anoscope. It is recommended that a patient seek immediate medical advice if any of the above symptoms are reported and the doctor will try to diagnose hemorrhoids using the above methods.

How to treat hemerrhoids?
Due to the evolution of medical science doctors have come up with many treatments for hemorrhoids. Although you must not leave it too late and seek medical advice if you think you have the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Doctors can provide patients with medication to treat hemorrhoids. Medicines for hemerroids include ointment. This ointment can be applied to an external hemorrhoid to reduce the swelling, discomfort and itchy feeling. Doctors also inject medication to reduce the swelling of an external hemorrhoid. Doctors also provide pads to reduce itchiness and discomfort in external hemorrhoids. Other treatments include the doctor carrying out and simple incision in the area of the clot to reduce swelling and therefore reduce discomfort.

Unfortunately if the patient has not benefited from medication and and incision provided by the doctor then surgery is recommended. This can usually be carried out by a general surgeon or a specialist. The surgeon may remove the entire hemorrhoid. In some cases patients are discharged the next day but usually they can go home the same day. The next few weeks is met with pain and discomfort for the patient. The bandage is usually required to be changed everyday to avoid any infection in the area. The area should also be kept very very clean to avoid a bacterial infection. Although the patient will have to endure severe pain after the surgery it may be worthwhile for the rest of their life.

Preventing hemorroids? As we have learned in this article hemorrhoids can be very painful. So what can we do to prevent it in the first place? The answer is to keep a well balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables as well as wholegrain to keep stool soft. It is also recommended that you do not strain when using the toilet and always go when required. Also it is very important to keep a low body weight to reduce the chances of hemorrhoids. Hopefully we will not have to endure this pain in our lives.

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